Cell Cleaning (Day 1-2)Brood cells must be cleaned before the next use – cells will be inspected by the queen and if unsatisfactory will not be used.
Worker bees in the cleaning phase will perform this cleaning. If the cells are not clean, the worker bee must do it again.Nurse bee (Day 3-11)
Nurse bees feed the worker larvae worker jelly which is secreted from glands that produce royal jelly.
Advanced Nurse Bees (Day 6-11)
Feed royal jelly to the queen larva and drones receive worker jelly for 1 to 3 days at which time they are started on a diet of honey and pollen.
Wax production (Day 12-17)
Wax Bees – build cells from wax, repair old cells, and store nectar and pollen brought in by other workers. Early in the worker’s career she will exude wax from the space between several of her abdominal segments. Four sets of wax glands, situated inside the last four ventral segments of the abdomen, produce wax for comb construction.
Worker activities d
Honey sealing (Day18 – 22 )
Mature honey, sufficiently dried, is sealed tightly with wax to prevent absorption of moisture from the air by workers deputized to do same.
Drones do not feed themselves; they are fed by workers.
The attendants groom and feed the queen. They also collect QMP (Queen Mandibular Pheromone) from the queen and share it with the bees around them who also share it spreading its effects through the hive.
Workers will take wax from wax producing workers and build the comb with it.
Pollen brought into the hive for feeding the brood is also stored. It must be packed firmly into comb cells and mixed with a small amount of honey so that it will not spoil. Unlike honey, which does not support bacterial life, stored pollen will become rancid without proper care. It has to be kept in honey cells.
The walls of the hive are covered with a thin coating of propolis, a resinous substance obtained from plants. In combination with enzymes added by the worker this has antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Propolis is used to aide with ventilation and at the entrances of hives.
Dead bees and failed larvae must be removed from the hive to prevent disease and allow cells to be reused. They will be carried some distance from the hive by mortuary bees.
Guard Bees (Days 18 – 21) protect the entrance of the hive from enemies
Soldiers hang around near the entrance and attack invaders.
They work in concert with entrance guards.
Entrance guard bees inspect incoming bees to ensure that they are bringing in food and have the correct hive odor. Other bees will be rejected or attacked with soldier bees.
Outside guard bees may take short flights around the outside of the hive in response to disturbances.
Worker bees fan the hive, cooling it with evaporated water brought by water carriers.
They direct airflow into the hive or out of the hive depending on need.
When the hive is in danger of overheating, these bees will obtain water, usually from within a short distance from the hive and bring it back to spread on the backs of fanning bees. The worker bee has a crop separate from the nectar crop for this purpose.
Foraging bees (Days 22 – 42)
The forager and scout bees travel (up to 1.5 miles) to a nectar source, pollen source or to collect propolis.